In Islam, the importance of health5 min read

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In Islam, the importance of health

Physical health is a great blessing from Allah. In the blessed life of the Prophet Muhammad (), just like in other aspects of life, there is also the best guidance available for physical health. It is narrated from Hazrat Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) that the Noble Prophet (ﷺ) advised.

وَعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏- رضى الله عنه ‏- قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اَللَّهِ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-{ اَلْمُؤْمِنُ اَلْقَوِيُّ خَيْرٌ وَأَحَبُّ إِلَى اَللَّهِ مِنْ اَلْمُؤْمِنِ اَلضَّعِيفِ, وَفِي كُلٍّ خَيْرٌ, اِحْرِصْ عَلَى مَا يَنْفَعُكَ, وَاسْتَعِنْ بِاَللَّهِ, وَلَا تَعْجَزْ, وَإِنْ أَصَابَكَ شَيْءٌ فَلَا تَقُلْ: لَوْ أَنِّي فَعَلْتُ كَانَ كَذَا وَكَذَا, وَلَكِنْ قُلْ: قَدَّرَ اَللَّهُ وَمَا شَاءَ فَعَلَ; فَإِنَّ لَوْ تَفْتَحُ عَمَلَ اَلشَّيْطَانِ } أَخْرَجَهُ مُسْلِمٌ.

Abu Hurairah (RAA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “A believer who is strong (and healthy) is better and dearer to Allah than the weak believer, but there is goodness in both of them. Be keen on what benefits you and seek help from Allah, and do not give up. If anything afflicts you do not say, ‘If I had done such and such things, such and such would have happened.’ But say, ‘Allah decrees and what He wills He does,’ for (the utterance) ‘If I had’ provides an opening for the deeds of the devil.” Related by Muslim. (Bulugh al-Maram)

Honorable Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) not only granted permission but also encouraged every such activity that not only strengthens human health but also contributes to the preservation and elevation of religion. For example, activities like archery, target shooting, javelin throwing, horse riding, and swimming, all have the blessed guidance of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) recorded in the Hadith literature. For instance, Hazrat Uqbah bin Amir (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي حُسَيْنٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَيُدْخِلُ بِالسَّهْمِ الْوَاحِدِ ثَلاَثَةً الْجَنَّةَ صَانِعَهُ يَحْتَسِبُ فِي صَنْعَتِهِ الْخَيْرَ وَالرَّامِيَ بِهِ وَالْمُمِدَّ بِهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ‏”‏ ارْمُوا وَارْكَبُوا وَلأَنْ تَرْمُوا أَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ مِنْ أَنْ تَرْكَبُوا كُلُّ مَا يَلْهُو بِهِ الرَّجُلُ الْمُسْلِمُ بَاطِلٌ إِلاَّ رَمْيَهُ بِقَوْسِهِ وَتَأْدِيبَهُ فَرَسَهُ وَمُلاَعَبَتَهُ أَهْلَهُ فَإِنَّهُنَّ مِنَ الْحَقِّ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Husain: That the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Indeed, Allah will surely admit three into Paradise by a single arrow. Its maker who seeks good by his making it, the one who shoots it, and the one who holds arrows for him.” And he said: “Practice archery and practice riding, and the you should practice archery is more beloved to me than that you should ride. All idle pastimes that the Muslim man engages in are falsehood, except for his shooting of his bow, his training of his horse, and his playing with his wife, for they are from truth.” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi)

The Hadith establishes the virtue of archery and horseback riding. In the present era, the training and practice of archery have been replaced by modern weapons such as rifles, cannons, tanks, and so on. The mentioned three sports are valid and virtuous, meaning they are not frivolous or futile activities. In the case of the first two sports, archery and horseback riding, a person is engaged in preparing for jihad, taking care of horses, and their training. In the case of the last sport, it fosters affection with one’s spouse, provides hope for offspring, which is essential for the continuation and growth of the human race. In other words, this sport involves affection, love, kindness, and fulfilling the rights of one’s spouse. Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas (رضي الله عنهما) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

حَدَّثَنَا الْعَبَّاسُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَظِيمِ الْعَنْبَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا صَفْوَانُ بْنُ عِيسَى، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي هِنْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ نِعْمَتَانِ مَغْبُونٌ فِيهِمَا كَثِيرٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ الصِّحَّةُ وَالْفَرَاغُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah bin Sa’eed bin Abu Hind that his father said: “I heard Ibn ‘Abbas saying that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Two blessings which many people squander: Good health and free time.’” (Sunan Ibn Majah)

In another blessed Hadith, it is advised to cultivate sensitivity and awareness within oneself while valuing one’s health for the Hereafter. Hazrat Amr ibn Maimoon narrates that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) advised a person, saying:

اغْتَسِمُ خَمْسًا قَبْلَ خَمْسٍ شَبَابَكَ قَبْلَ هَرَمِكَ، وَصِحْتَكَ قَبْلَ سَقَمِكَ، وَغِناكَ قَبْلَ فَقُرِكَ، وَفَرَاغَكَ قَبْلَ شُغْلِكَ، وَحَيَانَكَ قَبْلَ مَوْتِكَ. مشكوة المصابيح، الرقم ١٥١٧

Consider five things as wealth before five things: [1] Your youth before your old age, [2] your health before your illness, [3] your wealth before your poverty, [4] your free time before your busy schedule, [5] and your life before your death.

The mentioned guidance of Hazrat Akram (ﷺ) teaches us the importance of keeping the body healthy, strong, and vigorous in Islam. It is not only encouraged but also sought as a means of seeking refuge from laziness and illness, not just disliking it

اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّي أَعْوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الهَـمِّ وَ الْحُـزْنِ، والعًجْـزِ والكَسَلِ والبُخْـلِ والجُـبْنِ، وضَلْـعِ الـدَّيْنِ وغَلَبَـةِ الرِّجال

Allāhumma ‘innī ‘a`ūdhu bika mina ‘l-ḥammi wa ‘l-ḥuzn, wa ‘l-`ajzi wa ‘l-kasal, wa ‘l-bukhli wa ‘l-jubn, wa ḍala`id-dayn, wa ghalabatir-rijāl.
O Allah, I seek refuge in you from grief and sadness, from weakness and from laziness, from miserliness and from cowardice, from being overcome by debt and overpowered by men (i.e. others). (Hisn al-Muslim)

Allah the Almighty has bestowed upon us the great blessing of health. It is essential for us to take measures to preserve it. To maintain a healthy body, it is necessary to establish a routine that includes proper nutrition, cleanliness, exercise, and balanced rest. Proper nutrition plays a significant role in maintaining the health of our bones, and a balanced diet and moderate eating habits contribute to a person’s well-being. It ensures proper growth and development. If we align these principles with Quranic teachings, they can serve as a comprehensive guide to a healthy lifestyle.

۞ يَـٰبَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ خُذُوا۟ زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍۢ وَكُلُوا۟ وَٱشْرَبُوا۟ وَلَا تُسْرِفُوٓا۟ ۚ إِنَّهُۥ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُسْرِفِينَ ٣١

O children of ’Ādam, take on your adornment at every mosque. Eat and drink and do not be extravagant. Surely, He does not like the extravagant. (7:31)

The Importance of Exercise for a Healthy Body

The benefit of food lies in its digestion and for proper digestion, hard work and exercise are necessary. Although the Islamic obligations and duties (such as waking up early in the morning, performing ablution, taking a bath, offering prayers, fasting, pilgrimage, and striving in the path of God) in themselves fulfill the requirement of exercise through their excellent performance, Islam also provides lessons in the best forms of sports and physical activities that are highly beneficial for human health. Moreover, these activities serve as a means to strengthen the body, mind, and wealth for the betterment of Islam

For human health, a full and restful sleep is essential

Sleep is also essential for maintaining good health. For a healthy person, at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep is necessary in a 24-hour period. The recommended way of sleeping is completely natural and is the best way for maintaining good health. There is no better way for maintaining good health than to sleep on your right side, to wake up early in the morning, to think about taking a nap in the afternoon, and so on. By following these instructions, one can lead a good life.

اسلام میں صحت کی اہمیت


JazakAllahu Khairan for reading. If you have found this information beneficial, please share it with your loved ones and friends. May Allah reward you abundantly for your efforts.

Talha Siddiq

Talha Siddiq

I am an Islamic Scholar. I have expertise in Ahadith, Fiqh, Logics, and the Arabic language. I have a specialty in Islamic finance and Islamic study. To get started with me, Book Now one-to-one Session, or let us know what do you like in the contact form.

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