The problem related to the lives of the Prophets (علیہم السلام)
The stance of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaat
It is also proven from the authentic hadiths and the consensus of the Ummah that this Quranic promise to the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) has been fulfilled, and he has passed away.
After his death, his blessed soul must have got such a connection with his mortal body (which is buried in the grave of Madinah Munawarah and the body with which you came into the world); that is why he (ﷺ) went to the Roza-e-Athar. He listens to the recited Salat and Salam or anything without any connection.
To understand this position, it should also be kept in mind that the kind of life that the soul of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) enjoys in Rozha Athar is also called worldly life.
And Some of the traces of this life are also visible in some worldly laws. Such as it was not permissible for anyone to marry his wives (رضي الله عنهن) and not to divide his inheritance, etc.
1. Hadith of Hazrat Aus bin Aus (رضي الله عنه)
إن من أفضل اياكم يوم الجمعة….. فأكثروا على من الصلاة …إن الله عزوجل حرم علي الأرض أن تأكل أجساد الأنبياء
“Friday is the best day of your day. So, send many blessings to me on this day. Verily, your blessings are offered to me.” The Companions (رضي الله عنهم) said!
“O Messenger of Allah! How will our blessings be offered when your bones have decayed?” So, he (ﷺ) said: “Indeed, Allah Ta’ala has forbidden the eating of the bodies of the prophets on earth.” (Sunan Ibn Majah)
2. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,
الانبیاء أحياء في قبورهم يصلون
Prophets are alive in their graves, praying.
3. The Prophet (ﷺ) said,
I passed by the grave of Musa (علیہ السلام) while he was standing in his grave praying.
4. Hadith narrated by Hazrat Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه), the Prophet (ﷺ) said,
Whenever someone sends blessings upon me, Allah returns my soul so that I can respond to his gifts.
5. The Prophet (ﷺ) said
Jesus will come down (on earth) and come to perform Hajj or Umrah by way of Faj and will also come to my grave and greet me, and I will surely answer him.
6. Allah Subhanahoo Wata’alaa said,
وَلَا تَقُولُوا۟ لِمَن يُقْتَلُ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ أَمْوَٰتٌۢ ۚ بَلْ أَحْيَآءٌۭ وَلَـٰكِن لَّا تَشْعُرُونَ
About the martyrs, Allah Subhanahoo Wata’alaa said, ” أَحْيَآءٌۭ” That means their soul has more connection with their body than ordinary men and the martyrs got this life because of their high position and rank in the court of Allah Subhnahoo Wata’alaa.
So, it is evident that the position and status of the Prophets (علیہ السلام) are much higher than the martyrs in the sight of Allah Ta’alaa, so this life should be proved for the Prophets as well. Rather their life should be stronger than the life of ordinary martyrs.
7. The Prophet (ﷺ) said
Whoever prays to me near my grave, I will listen to him; whoever prays to me from afar will be conveyed to me.
This blessed hadith also proved that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) is not present and present everywhere to hear the Salat and Salam recited from afar, but the angels convey it to him.
However, suppose someone recites Durood Sharif intending to say, “الصلاۃ والسلام علیک یا رسول” that he imagines with his heart’s eyes that he is standing near the blessed grave of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). In that case, this is permissible, and his belief is not that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) is listening to me.
All these hadiths prove the life of the Prophets (علیہم السلام).
NOTE: There are two types of beliefs: one is those whose denial is a disbeliever, and the other is those whose denial will not be a disbeliever but will be declared misguided or transgressor.
The belief in the life of the Prophet (ﷺ) is one of the beliefs of the Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, whose deniers will not be called infidels but misguided and transgressors.
Allah knows best!