Tajweed Terminologies2 min read

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Tajweed Terminologies

Tajweed Terminologies

 

(استعاذة) Isti’aazthah

أَعُوْذُ بِاللّٰهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطٰانِ الرَّجِيْمِ

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaytaan.

 

(بسملة) Basmalah

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

(تحقيق/مجود) Tahqeeq/Mujawwad

Style of Qur’an Recitation.

 

(مرتل /ترتيل) Tarteel / Murattal

Style of Qur’an Recitation.

 

(حكم – أحكام) Hukum (plural: ahkaam)

Ruling.

 

(إختالف) Ikhtilaaf

Difference (of opinion).

 

(حق) Haqq

Right (e.g., giving the letters their right).

 

(مخارج – مخرج) Makhraj (plural: makhaarij)

Articulation points.

 

(حروف – حرف) Harf (plural: huroof)

Letters/letter – Arabic Alphabets.

 

(القمرية الحروف) Al-Huroof Al-Qamariyyah

The lunar letters (أ، ب، ج، ح، خ، ع، غ، ف، ق، ك، م، هـ، و، ي).

 

(الحروف الشمسية) Al-Huroof Ash-Shamsiyyah

The solar letters (ت، ث، د، ذ، ر، ز، س، ش، ص، ض، ط، ظ، ن، ل).

 

(فَتْحَة‎)Fat-hah

(ـَ): Vowel sign above letter pronounced “a”. e.g. “mat”.

 

(كَسْرَة) Kassrah

(ــِـ): Vowel sign below the letter pronounced “i”. e.g. “mit”.

 

(ضَمَّة) Dhammah

(ــُـ): Vowel sign above the letter pronounced “u”. e.g. “mut”.

 

(شَدَّة) Shaddah

(ـّ): Double letter.

 

(سُكُون) Sukoon

No vowel on the letter, stop on the letter.

 

(تنوين) Tanween

Double vowel: 2 dhammahs (dhamatayn), 2 kassrahs (kassrataan), or 2 fat-hahs (fat-hataan)

 

(ساكنة) Saakinah

Letter with Sukoon.

 

(الجر حرف) Harfu Al-Jarr

Prepositions.

 

(قصير) Qaseer

Minimum.

 

(طويل) Taweel

Maximum.

 

(حركة – حركتان – حركات) Harakah (dual: Harakataan, plural: Harakaat)

One alif movement.

 

(الحلق) Al-Halq

The throat.

 

(اللسان) Al-Lisaan

The tongue.

 

(الجوف) Al-Jawf

The empty space in the mouth and throat.

 

(شفتان) Shafataan

The two lips.

 

(مرقق) Muraqqaq

Light.

 

(مفخم) Mufakham

Heavy – تفخيم “tafkheem” Heaviness.

 

(إستعالء) Isti’laa

The raising of the deepest part of the tongue.

 

(إطباق) It’baaq

Linguistic definition: Adhering.

Applied definition: The compression of the sound of the letter between the tongue and the roof of the mouth.

 

(نبر) Nabr

Pressure/emphasis/accent on a part or specific letter of the word.

 

(توكيد) Tawkeed

Emphasis (on certain words e.g. inna).

 

(قلقلة) Qalqalah

Rebound/bounce.

 

(الصفير) As-Safeer

The Whistle – a sound which comes from the edge of tongue when it touches the bottom teeth, like hissing. The sharpness in the sound of the letter produced from it trans versing through a tight passage.

 

(الهمس) Al-Hams

The Whisper – a sound which signifies the release of breath.

 

(غنة) Ghunnah

Nasalisation.

 

(إظهار) Izthhaar

To make apparent.

 

(إدغام) Idghaam

To merge.

 

(إقلاب) Iqlaab.

To swap/turn around.

 

(إخفاء) Ikhfaa

To hide.

 

(مدود – مد) Madd (plural: Mudood)

Linguistic definition: extra.

Applied definition: lengthening of the sound.

 

(اللين مد) Al-Madd Al Leen

Lengthening of Ease.

 

(منفصل) Munfassil

Separated/unconnected.

 

(متصل) Mutassil

Attached/connected.

 

(األصلي المد) Al-Madd Al-‘Asli

The original lengthening.

 

(المد الكالمي المثقل) Al-Madd Al-Kalami Al-Muthaqqil

The heavy lengthening in a word.

 

(المدالفرعي) Al-Madd Al-Fari’

Derived lengthening.

 

(لازم) Laazim

Obligatory.

 

(واجب) Waajib

Required.

 

(جائز) Jaa-iz

Permissible.

JazakAllahu Khairan for reading. If you have found this information beneficial, please share it with your loved ones and friends. May Allah reward you abundantly for your efforts.

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