Tajweed Terminologies2 min read

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Tajweed Terminologies

Tajweed Terminologies


(استعاذة) Isti’aazthah

أَعُوْذُ بِاللّٰهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطٰانِ الرَّجِيْمِ

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaytaan.


(بسملة) Basmalah

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.


(تحقيق/مجود) Tahqeeq/Mujawwad

Style of Qur’an Recitation.


(مرتل /ترتيل) Tarteel / Murattal

Style of Qur’an Recitation.


(حكم – أحكام) Hukum (plural: ahkaam)



(إختالف) Ikhtilaaf

Difference (of opinion).


(حق) Haqq

Right (e.g., giving the letters their right).


(مخارج – مخرج) Makhraj (plural: makhaarij)

Articulation points.


(حروف – حرف) Harf (plural: huroof)

Letters/letter – Arabic Alphabets.


(القمرية الحروف) Al-Huroof Al-Qamariyyah

The lunar letters (أ، ب، ج، ح، خ، ع، غ، ف، ق، ك، م، هـ، و، ي).


(الحروف الشمسية) Al-Huroof Ash-Shamsiyyah

The solar letters (ت، ث، د، ذ، ر، ز، س، ش، ص، ض، ط، ظ، ن، ل).



(ـَ): Vowel sign above letter pronounced “a”. e.g. “mat”.


(كَسْرَة) Kassrah

(ــِـ): Vowel sign below the letter pronounced “i”. e.g. “mit”.


(ضَمَّة) Dhammah

(ــُـ): Vowel sign above the letter pronounced “u”. e.g. “mut”.


(شَدَّة) Shaddah

(ـّ): Double letter.


(سُكُون) Sukoon

No vowel on the letter, stop on the letter.


(تنوين) Tanween

Double vowel: 2 dhammahs (dhamatayn), 2 kassrahs (kassrataan), or 2 fat-hahs (fat-hataan)


(ساكنة) Saakinah

Letter with Sukoon.


(الجر حرف) Harfu Al-Jarr



(قصير) Qaseer



(طويل) Taweel



(حركة – حركتان – حركات) Harakah (dual: Harakataan, plural: Harakaat)

One alif movement.


(الحلق) Al-Halq

The throat.


(اللسان) Al-Lisaan

The tongue.


(الجوف) Al-Jawf

The empty space in the mouth and throat.


(شفتان) Shafataan

The two lips.


(مرقق) Muraqqaq



(مفخم) Mufakham

Heavy – تفخيم “tafkheem” Heaviness.


(إستعالء) Isti’laa

The raising of the deepest part of the tongue.


(إطباق) It’baaq

Linguistic definition: Adhering.

Applied definition: The compression of the sound of the letter between the tongue and the roof of the mouth.


(نبر) Nabr

Pressure/emphasis/accent on a part or specific letter of the word.


(توكيد) Tawkeed

Emphasis (on certain words e.g. inna).


(قلقلة) Qalqalah



(الصفير) As-Safeer

The Whistle – a sound which comes from the edge of tongue when it touches the bottom teeth, like hissing. The sharpness in the sound of the letter produced from it trans versing through a tight passage.


(الهمس) Al-Hams

The Whisper – a sound which signifies the release of breath.


(غنة) Ghunnah



(إظهار) Izthhaar

To make apparent.


(إدغام) Idghaam

To merge.


(إقلاب) Iqlaab.

To swap/turn around.


(إخفاء) Ikhfaa

To hide.


(مدود – مد) Madd (plural: Mudood)

Linguistic definition: extra.

Applied definition: lengthening of the sound.


(اللين مد) Al-Madd Al Leen

Lengthening of Ease.


(منفصل) Munfassil



(متصل) Mutassil



(األصلي المد) Al-Madd Al-‘Asli

The original lengthening.


(المد الكالمي المثقل) Al-Madd Al-Kalami Al-Muthaqqil

The heavy lengthening in a word.


(المدالفرعي) Al-Madd Al-Fari’

Derived lengthening.


(لازم) Laazim



(واجب) Waajib



(جائز) Jaa-iz


JazakAllahu Khairan for reading. If you have found this information beneficial, please share it with your loved ones and friends. May Allah reward you abundantly for your efforts.

Qasim Abdullah

Qasim Abdullah

I am an Organizational Development Consultant, Science (Physics||Mathematics), and the Holy Qur'an teacher. To get started with me, Book Now one-to-one Session, or let us know what do you like in the contact form.

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