The community came into being as a reaction to the capitalist system. Since the emphasis of the capitalist philosophy was that everyone is free to make maximum profit, and every problem of the economy is primarily based on logistics, the philosophy is eliminated and the raw in this philosophy. There was no clear arrangement of the welfare of the poor, etc., and in the race to make more profit, the incidence of grinding of weak people was abundant, which resulted in the distance between the poor and the rich. Therefore, communism came into the field with the claim of these defects and, challenging the basic philosophy of the capitalist system, declined to acknowledge that the four basic issues of the economy were merely personal ownership of personal profits. It can be solved on the basis of market forces. In the capitalist system, all the basic issues of the economy have been handed over to the blind-deaf powers of logistics, which act as a purely personal profit stimulus and do not institutionalize welfare problems. These forces, especially in the distribution of income, produce unfair results. A simple example of this is that if the supply of workers is high, their wages decrease, and at times the workers are forced to work at a very low wage and the production that is ready for their hard work. There has yet to be a share of this by which they can manage life for themselves and their children. Since the capitalist seeking his hard work does not care about the wages he is taking from them, is it really the proper reward for their hard work and the real detail of their needs? It is only interested in the fact that he can satisfy his demand at a very low wage, which will increase his profitability, so the supply of income, according to the theory of communism, is supply. The demand formula is a bay in which the needs of people with low incomes are not exempted, but it is subject to the stimulus of the capitalist’s personal profits and circulates on the same orbit.
Similar to the determination of priorities, customs and development of resources, it is also very dangerous to society to hand over the blind-deaf forces of supply and demand for communism. As a theoretical philosophy, an agriculture professional, under the stimulus of personal profits, or an industrialist will continue to produce its product until its supply is equal to the demand. When supply starts to increase, it will stop production, but in a practical world, no person in business or agriculture professional has a way to scale with which he can know that now he can produce. The supply of demand is equal, so it often increases the production, thinking that the supply of this item is less than the need and demand, though the real supply in the market has increased and the fact that it has increased. The address runs for a long time. The result is that in the market, sometimes things are frozen, which is not so high, and thus the economy suffers from recession, resulting in many factories closed and traders. Banking goals and various economic defects arise, so the preferences based on the logistics cannot be determined with the balance the society really needs. What Should it be? In response, communism offered the philosophy that the basic error arose here that resource production, such as lands and factories, was declared as individual property. It should be all resources to be in the individual ownership of the production. Instead of the state’s collective property, and when all these resources are owned by the state, the government will know how much it has the total resources. And what are the needs of society? On this basis, the government will make a plan in which it will be determined what the needs of the society should be taken. In what quantity should something be produced? And in what order should different resources be applied? As per the preferences, all three works of resources and development work should be done under the government’s plan. Question of distribution of income! 5 Communism claimed that, in fact, the highest production is just two things, land and labour. Since the land is not individual property, but collective property, it is not necessary to give these belongs to it. Now only work is left, and its wages are also determined by the government under its plan.
Just as the capitalist system wanted to solve the four basic issues mentioned above only on the basis of personal profits and the powers of the market, communism suggested the same solution for these four issues, i.e. planning. The shared Economy is called the planned Economy, which is called an Arabic translation of “economy” or Economy.
The aforementioned philosophy of the basic partnerships of communism results in the basic principles of the communist Economy in Economy:
The aforementioned principle of collective property means that resources will not be on the personal property of a person, but they will be on the national property and will be run by the government, and will be run by the government, Personal use items can be personal property, but resources can not be owned by production. The result is that not only lands and works but also commercial shops are not owned by any individual in the shared countries, the people working in them are all employed by the government, and the income received is the government. The treasury goes into the treasury, and the employees of the working employees are paid by the government’s plan.
(Planning) is the second fundamental plan of the advertiser system, which means that if all basic economic decisions are made under government planning, all economic needs and all economic resources are collected in this plan. They go, and it is decided what resources should be used to produce. And what amount should be created? And in which sector should be the appointment of the labourers?
The government’s concept of economic planning was proposed, but the capitalist countries gradually began partially planning, which is why the capitalist countries gradually became independent. The government could not fully interfere with the Economy’s business, but for various collective purposes, the capitalist governments also had to interfere with the trade and Economy, even the mixed Economy (Mixed Economy). A new term by the name came into being, which means that although the Economy was mainly operated under market forces, some sectors of trade and industry under the need may also have government custody, such as In some capitalist countries, railways, bales, telephones and aerial services, etc., are under government custody, and the business that is being run privately, the government also obeys some rules and regulations. The first type of trade is called the public sector, and the second type is called the private sector. Now, since this mixed Economy has permanent interference from the government, it has to be partially planned; as a result of this partial plan, the government usually plans five-year plans, but this partial plan. While there are detainees, the planning of communism is a complete plan; that is, every economic decision is subject to this government plan.
(Collective Interest) The third principle of communism is collective interest; that is, communism claims that all economic activities in the capitalist economy are subject to the people’s personal interests, but the collective interest under the planning system is primarily. Glance Is placed. The fourth receipt of the Equitable Distribution of Income is that whatever income generates from production is fairly distributed among individuals, and there is not much distance between the poor and the rich, in terms of income, by them. Initially, it was claimed that there would be equality for income in communism; that is, everyone’s income would be equal, but in practice, it never happened, and people’s wages and salaries continue to be less. However, at least what has been claimed in communism is that the disparity between salaries and wages is not too high in this system.